‘India has always shied away from showing power, while America has wanted India to use the power openly. He wants India’s military power to be such that it can compete with China alone. Actually, friendship with India will prove to be helpful to America against China. But America will not do as India would like. This is to say that Hussein Haqqani, who was Pakistan’s ambassador to the US and Sri Lanka. Haqqani currently lives in Washington. Here are the excerpts from his conversation with Bhaskar:
Biden is going to become the President of America. Will there be an impact on the Indian subcontinent?
It is wrong to think that Biden will pursue Obama policy. Biden walks the middle way more than Obama. Obama’s foreign policy was against the war in Iran-Afghanistan. While Biden was a vice president, he differed from Obama. Biden favors diplomacy, but does not refrain from using military force. As far as India and Asia are concerned, during Obama’s time, America’s inclination was towards India. In Biden’s tenure, this policy will increase in the same way. America will have world leadership competition with China. China will continue to be arbitrary. Despite all the flaws, the US will keep trying to establish a law-abiding global order. The big difference between the Trump and Biden administrations will be that the biden rage will end.
How can America have a relationship with India in future?
There has always been a general opinion in America that friendship with India is in his interest. Friendship towards India has increased in America in the last few decades. Despite this, the relationship between the two countries will be more dependent on India as before. India has always been shy of demonstrating power, whereas the United States has wanted India to use the power openly. America will continue to want the same. America wants India’s military strength to be such that it can compete with China alone. But India’s system has been such that India has lagged behind in military modernization. The policy of not being able to decide on the issue of security is not understood by countries like America. The Biden Administration would not consider this idea at all, because friendship with India would prove helpful to the US against China. But in return for India’s help, America will see its interest. One thing is certain that whether America is a Republican or a Democrat, everyone wants India to be stronger than China.
What will be the effect of these Surat-e-Hall on India-Pakistan relationship
India and Pakistan are and will remain neighbors. They cannot always fight. The question is whether this fight will be resolved soon or will it take longer. Competition from India has brought Pakistan closer to China but relations with China have to be paid. Pakistan may not be ready for this. Therefore, on the one hand, Pakistan will have to enter into agreements with China at a price, while on the other hand, its relationship with India cannot be normal until Pakistan eliminates terrorism.
How is Kovid impacting contemporary relations?
The world after Kovid has had a profound impact especially on South-East Asia. Every country in this region has suffered. This should affect the policies. Like Pakistan’s economy has always been fragile. India will need to increase military spending because India’s military spending has been less than necessary. If India’s economy shrinks, forex reserves start to decrease then India will also increase its expenses. How will this happen is the big question.