Great Fire of Meireki: Fire Incidents are coming in every day in the world, in which heavy damage is done, as well as the lives of people are lost. Many incidents of fire are so terrible that they are always remembered. One such incident also took place in Japan. Which is known as Great Fire of Meireki. Apart from this, the incident of this fire is also known as Furisode Fire. Which ruined Japan’s capital Tokyo (Tokyo) by 60 to 70 percent.
This incident of fire took place on this day i.e. on 2 March, in the year 1657 (2 March History). The fire was so terrible that it kept on blazing for three days. It is believed that more than one lakh people died due to this. It is said in history that this fire was accidentally caused to a priest. He was burning a cursed kimono. This kimono was to be worn by three teenage girls, but they died before wearing it (Great Fire of Meireki Edo). When this cloth was set on fire, a strong gust of wind came, causing a huge fire in that wooden temple. Although there is so much truth in this matter, it has not been known till date.
Stormy winds spread rapidly
The fire in Edo Hongo district spread slowly throughout the city, the biggest reason is also said to be stormy winds. At that time, wood and paper were used to make most of the houses. The fire was started on the 18th day of the new year and in the last year there was also a problem of drought, due to which most of the buildings were dry (Site of the Great Fire of Meireki). Apart from this, the roads around the buildings and the rest of the open spaces were small and quite close to each other. Due to which the fire spread rapidly and gradually engulfed large areas. Many similar incidents were also seen in European countries earlier.
Fire reached the city center
The next day after the fire, there was a change in wind directions in the evening. Due to which the fire had reached the center of the city. Eventually some of the major buildings survived, but the rest of the buildings and houses of the people working there were gutted. Finally, on the third day, the speed of the winds decreased and the intensity of the fire also started to decrease again. But a thick layer of smoke was still seen in the city environment (The Great Fire of Meireki). After this, the work of evacuating the dead bodies started and the reconstruction work of buildings and houses started. It took many years to improve the condition of the city.
Government helped people
All the dead were cremated with full respect and a Hall of Prayer for the Dead was constructed at that place. The reconstruction work took two years. Along with this, many types of reforms were also done. As the roads were widened. Many districts were re-planned and reorganized. After this, work started on enhancing and preserving the country’s economy. The common people were given money from the government to build houses. This incident is considered one of the biggest disasters in the history of Japan.